Empires in the Americas in the 1700s

By Domenic (Coordinator), Svetislav (Researcher), Nikki (Editor), and Andrew (Media Director)

Map of Colonial Empires in the 1700s
Map of European Colonies claimed in the Americas in the 1700s

The Spanish

Map of New Spain.
Map of New Spain.

• Silver was found in Mexico.
The Spanish used slaves to mine for silver in Mexico

• Spain territorial reached up to half of South America, most of Central America, also much of North America as well as a lot of Pacific Ocean archipelagos.

This map shows areas of the world that were once territories of the Spanish Monarchy or Empire.
This map shows areas of the world that were once territories of the Spanish Monarchy or Empire.

• It was known by the 18th century much of the Spanish Territory was under de-facto control of Portuguese-Brazil.
• The Nootka Crises had involved a dispute with Great Britain about the British settlement in Oregon, to B.C.
• In 1791 the king of Spain ordered Allessandro Malaspina to search for a Northwest Passage.

The Portuguese

These are the types of ships the portuguese would use.
These are the types of ships the Portuguese would use.

 

• The Portuguese used Brazil as a plantation colony, which used slaves.

 

The French

• Competing with Spain, Portugal, The United Provinces and later England, France began to establish colonies in North America, The Caribbean and India.

Flag of France
Flag of France

• The war against Great Britain caused both France and Great Britain many losses of colonies.

Map of French Colonies and Empires.
Map of French Colonies and Empires.

• In 1699 French Territorial claims still expanded even further.
• The extensive trading network throughout their regions around connected Canada through the great lakes.

The Dutch

• In 1997 the Dutch gained control over former English colonies in South America.

Map of Netherlands.
Map of Netherlands.

• The largest of all colonies was Surinam.
• Thousands of slaves worked on sugar and coffee plantations in Surinam.
• Afterwards the British took control of Surinam until it was reinstated to the New Dutch kingdom.
• In general the population was divided primarily into categories of free and un-free (slaves).

The Russians
• During the year 1725 Emperor Peter the Great ordered Vitus Bering to explore the North Pacific for potential colonization.
• They searched for fur-bearing animals.
• Their first voyage failed due to ice and fog.
• During the second voyage in 1741, Vitus Bering and Alesksei Chirikov made sight of the North American Mainland.
The Seven Years War for North America (including English, French and Native American tribes)

• There were six tribes that joined to make the Iroquois Confederacy.
• They sided, and were neutral and would have fought with either English or French.
• The Iroquois traded with English for goods, which they eventually became allies.
• They signed treaties so they could receive gifts and money, the English also got to keep any land they already claimed.
• The English and French fought for control over the trading posts.
• Americans sided with the British, although the British won almost every war.
• Iroquois soon then became allies with the British.
• The British then attacked the French, the French surrendered New France, In the end the British commanded greatest empire in the world.

To learn more about English colonization, watch this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TTYOQ05oDOI

Green, John. “The Natives and the English – Crash Course US History #3.”YouTube. John Green, 14 Feb. 2013. Web. 02 Nov. 2014.

Works Cited

“BRIA 17 4 a Clash of Empires: The Fight for North America – Constitutional Rights Foundation.” BRIA 17 4 a Clash of Empires: The Fight for North America – Constitutional Rights Foundation. N.p., Oct.-Nov. 2001. Wed. 31 Oct. 2014. .

OpenStudy. N.p., 15 May 2013. Web. 31 Oct. 2014. .

“Russian Colonization of the Americas.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 28 Oct. 2014. Wed. 31 Oct. 2014. .
Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Wed. 04 Nov. 2014. .
Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Wed. 04 Nov. 2014. .
“1700-1830 Surinam – Timeline Dutch History – Explore the Collection – Rijksmuseum.” Rijksmuseum. N.p., n.d. Wed. 04 Nov. 2014.

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