Napoleon’s Empire

Napoleon the Emperor
By Harman

Introduction to Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15th, 1769 in Ajaccio, Corsica, and died on May 5th, 1821 at St. Helena Island. He was a general, a first consul, and an emperor who had a passion for military expansion and for French dominion. This young figure wanted to destroy French democracy. At the young age of 24, napoleon became a general who won several victories. Napoleon also became a commander of chief in the army of Italy. This being was an important figure in the French Revolution. The revolution secured his position as he became a tyrant.

Napoleon as First Consul

The French Revolution took away land and wealth from the church and sold it to the landowners. The landowners soon feared that the wealth and bought by them was going to be taken back. Napoleon created a constitution which gave landowners power so in exchange they would support him on becoming the emperor. As of that he became First Consul in 1799 and gained unlimited executive power. After his time as First Consul was over, the landowners feared their loss again, so they supported him to become emperor.

Napoleon the Emperor

Napoleon crowned himself emperor of France in 1804 at the Nortre Dame Cathedral in Paris. The senate passed a law that made him the emperor. He forced Pope Puis VII to attend his coronation and got blessed by him; Napoleon had achieved dictatorship for life. His first wife Josephine (whom he loved very much) became the empress. There was a law created that he didn’t have to have any children to be his heir, but since he wanted a son and Josephine couldn’t give him that. Napoleon then divorced her and married Marie-Louise of Austria and had a son named Napoleon II who became the King of Rome and not France. He copied the romans from their empire in a lot of ways and his view of women was based on the ancient Roman law. His greatest achievement was creating the Civil Code which changed the society permanently, which created new law and an education system and Napoleon also took control of the media system. Napoleon knew he had to stay popular so that he would succeed. He declared many wars with Europe so he could expand and he became an enemy to all European monarchs. His empire included France and most of its surrounding states, a lot of Italy and Germany, and all of Holland. Despite all that, England was his biggest enemy. Napoleon lost at the battle of Waterloo and his empire fell as he was captured and exiled to St. Helena Island where he couldn’t escape. His defeat made many uprisings in France and France restored the monarchy which didn’t last very long. Napoleon’s empire lasted from 1804-1815.

Bibliography

Cranny, Michael William. Crossroads: A Meeting of Nations. Scarborough, Ont.: Prentice Hall Ginn Canada, 1998. Print. ISBN: 0-13-786815-4

Obstfeld, Raymond, and Loretta Obstfeld. Napoléon Bonaparte. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven, 2001. Print. ISBN: 0-7377-0422-5

Rivoire, Mario. The Life & times of Napoleon. Philadelphia: Curtis Pub., 1967. Print

Ledru, Eric. Napoleon: The Visionary Conqueror. Paris: Molière, 2001. Print

Wilde, Robert. “How Napoleon Became Emperor.” N.p., n.d. Web URL: http://www.europeanhistroy.about.com>…>France>The Napoleons and Empire

Godechot, Jacques. “Napoleon I (emperor of France).” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2014 URL: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/402943/Napoleon-1

“Napoleon I Emperor of France,1769-1821.” Entry. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2014. URL: http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/estnatianal/napoleon_bonaparte/D

The French Revolution:crash Course World Histroy #29. Dir. John Green. August 10, 2012. URL: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ITTvKwCyIFY

Napoleon Bonaparte

By Caed

The Battle of Waterloo

The Battle of Waterloo is one of the most famous battles in the history of Europe. On June 18, 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte’s forces go up fight against the British Duke of Wellington, and Gehbard von Blucher of Prussia. The fight lasted for almost a whole day in a small valley. 130,000 men were involved in this fight; nearly 50,000 were killed or very wounded. After Napoleon’s Imperial Guard was killed by British musket fire, he tried to escape to Rochefort with the remaining guard. Napoleon was then captured by the British Naval forces.

 

Abdications and Exiles

Napoleon’s first abdication was on April 11, 1814, after the allied forces (Britain, Austria, Spain, Prussia, Russia, and Sweden) forced their way into Paris. He was beaten and forced to abdicate, he was then exiled to the small island of Elba. King Louis XVIII replaced Napoleon, and was much more unpopular. Louis XVIII was a bad leader and people feared he would give France to the allied nations. Napoleon was allowed to rule Elba, but he was unhappy and embarrassed. After 10 months, Napoleon snuck off of the island and back to France. The French leader only returned with 1,000 men and six cannons. His return scared Louis XVIII and made him go back to Belgium. Many of Napoleons old soldiers re-joined him, even the ones that were sent by the French crown to kill him. The allied forces declared Napoleon an outlaw on March 13, 1815. Napoleon only ruled for 100 days (This period is also known as the Hundred Day Period.) until his loss in Waterloo. After being defeated and forced to abdicate a second time, he was exiled to the volcanic island of St. Helena. He died there at age 51 on May 5, 1821. His remains were returned to France in 1840

 

Napoleon’s Effects

Years after Napoleon’s death, the countries that were against him were deciding how to break up the Napoleonic territory since he took much of Europe in 1812. The map of Europe was redrawn a year before the Battle of Waterloo, since the allied forces predicted a victory. The British made sure that all the countries got the same amount of power so that they will be balanced and further was will be prevented. Europe thought they pieced Europe back together, but people protested for more freedom and rights. Europe was torn by the Liberal Revolution.

Bibliography

Works Cited

Cranny, Michael William. Crossroads: A Meeting of Nations. Scarborough, Ont.: Prentice Hall Ginn Canada, 1998. Print.

Davey, Kate. “On This Day: Napoleon Forced to Abdicate.” On This Day: Napoleon Forced to Abdicate. Finding Dulcinea, 11 Apr. 2011. Web. 26 Nov. 2014.

“Napoleon Bonaparte.” History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2014.

“Napoleon Exile and Escape.” SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2014.

Obstfeld, Raymond, and Loretta Obstfeld. Napoléon Bonaparte. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven, 2001. Print.

Questions

1.   Where did Napoleon die? When and what age?

2.   How long did he stay on Elba before escaping back to France?

3.   Name the 7 countries that battled him

Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte

by Mark D.

If Napoleon was alive today he would be a war criminal. Napoleon had the gall and nerve to crown himself emperor. He was an artillery lieutenant when he was the savior of the first consul of the republic.

Jacques-Louis David painted this in 1801
Jacques-Louis David painted this in 1801

However, he became Frances emperor in a few years’ time. No one knows how or if died of natural causes. Many people believe he was poisoned by the British. Napoleon was born at isle of Corsica in August 15 1769, and Napoleon died at age 51. He ruled France for ten years. He was a strategic genius. He won battles in places like Austerlitz. Napoleon broke up with Josephine when he still loved her, so that he could have an heir whose mother was the Austrian arch duchess. Napoleon appointed his baby son king of Rome. Napoleon continued to write many love letters to Josephine, even after he was married. One of the battles he lost was Egypt. He could not take Egypt and lost twice to the British admiral Nelson. While Napoleon was emperor kids had to learn about his greatness. He controlled the media like newspapers and such. Napoleon tried to destroy democracy in France and became a tyrant. He used a lot of Roman ideas which makes sense because they had some dang good ones. Britain was one of his greatest enemies.

Napoleon put France’s interests first. He demolished the Holy Roman Empire. Nationalism was new back then. Even though Napoleon was exiled he still had lots of influence and was able to come back for what is known as his 100 day campaign although I doubt he planned to be back for only 100 days but you don’t know he might have. When he arrived to France from exile Napoleon said “if one wants to shoot your emperor then here I am” and everyone in the blockade joined there old leader. Even Marshal Ney who swore that he would kill Napoleon on sight.
Napoleon founded the French banking system that they still use today in France. He made legal codes. He was ruthless in every battle and was an unequalled tactician. He was ruthless because he would kill unarmed civilians just to win a battle.

Works Cited

BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2014.

Cranny, Michael William. Crossroads: A Meeting of Nations. Scarborough, Ont.: Prentice Hall Ginn Canada, 1998. Print.

Davenport, John C. The French Revolution and the Rise of Napoleon. New York: Chelsea House, 2012. Print.
“Napoleon Bonaparte.” History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2014.

“Napoleon Bonaparte Quotes.” BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2014.

Obstfeld, Raymond, and Loretta Obstfeld. Napoléon Bonaparte. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven, 2001. Print.

Orlandi, Enzo. The Life and Times of Napoleon. Place of Publication Not Identified: Curtis, 1967. Print.

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