Ancient Slavery and Beginning of Atlantic Slave Trade
In the 1400’s the Portuguese enslaved Africans then soon transported them to the Americas, but the Portuguese didn’t only enslave Africans but traded for them too. Soon after the Portuguese established the Atlantic trade route many other countries also joined in such as the British, French, Dutch, and Danes. This was the first time in history where people believed others were born to serve them. In the ancient world almost all slaves were foreigners. Aristotle believed that slaves were people with defect spirits. Slavery became much more popular after the Atlantic slave trade began. In Arabia slavery was accepted as long as the slaves were treated well. Africa was a source a slavery even before the Portuguese came. After the black plague laborers were short which meant the need for slaves grew. The French had approximately 500,000 slaves working on plantations in Haiti. Slaves were used for many types of labor such as working in mines or working on plantations.
Rising to the Climax of Atlantic Slave Trade
During the Atlantic slave trade four fifths of the people that crossed the Atlantic were slaves. During the 18th century about 100,000 enslaved Africans were sent to the Americas per year. Europeans produced goods to trade in Africa for slaves. Most slaves died after about 10 years due to the harsh physical demands. By offering the slaves freedom they joined the British army. Some Spanish priests condemned the use of slavery and some Spaniards had duties to buy slaves. Lots of Aboriginal peoples started doing slave raids so that they can trade slaves for goods. Shoshones did slave raids so they could trade for horses, but the victims of the raid wanted to seek revenge and stole the Shoshones horses. The Aboriginal people didn’t only want horses but they also traded for guns. Slave raids brought the Aboriginal population down in many places. The Aboriginal people also traded slaves to the French so that they could become allies. Guns and horses made people very powerful which became very important, and the slaves were like currency for these precious items. Muslim people liked to use slaves in their armies. The Portuguese set up trading posts on the coast of the Cape Verde Islands. The Island had lots of slaves and was close to Africa where they could easily get more. Most of the ships that sailed to Cape Verde were the British and they learned to save time by doing the triangular trade. The triangular trade was when they depart for Liverpool or Bristol to Africa where they trade firearms, alcohol, cotton, metal, and beads for slaves. Then they take the slaves to the Americas where they trade the slaves for molasses (which is used in rum) then they make the trip home. Slaves were lying down in the ships usually on their sides to make more room.
Ending of the Slave Trade
In 1688 people start realizing slavery is bad when Aphra Behn writes a book about an African prince and his loved one. The Quakers already disliked slavery and their leader George Fox was strongly against it. During the fight for independence the Quakers start the clamour for freedom and the first person to die was an African slave. In Pennsylvania the Quakers free some of the slaves. The first state to abolish slavery was Massachusetts and over the next couple of years other states followed, although the southern states were determined to keep slavery. A book about slavery by Thomas Clarkson is followed by the abolishing of the slave trade in London. In 1807 the slave trade was declared illegal on both sides of the Atlantic. The National assembly adopts the declaration for the rights of man which states “men are born and remain free and equal in rights.” Denmark-Norway becomes the first country to ban the slave trade in Europe and soon after many other countries also ban the slave trade. The New French Government abolishes slavery in all the French colonies. In Brazil they ban slave trade and America frees all slaves under the land that they control. The Netherlands abolish all the slavery in the Dutch colonies. Slavery ends in South America which frees about 750,000 slaves. After the civil war African-Americans start getting re-enslaved using the legal system called ”peonage” and were “leased” to coal and iron mines, brick factories, plantations, and other dangerous jobs and doesn’t fully end until the end of W.W.II
Circle the correct answer.
1. The _______ started the Atlantic slave trade.
2) This was the first time people believed others were born to serve them.
True or False
3) The aboriginal people started doing slave raids because other people were doing them.
True or False
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